Childhood Overweight and Obesity

The Consequences of Childhood Overweight and Obesity
Stephen R. Daniels

Journal: The Future of Children
Volume 16, Number 1, Spring 2006
pp. 47-67 | 10.1353/foc.2006.0004

The Consequences of Childhood Overweight and Obesity

Journal: The Future of Children
Volume 16, Number 1, Spring 2006
pp. 47-67 | 10.1353/foc.2006.0004

Obesity Among Swedish Men

No Country for Fat Men? Obesity, Earnings, Skills, and Health Among 450,000 Swedish Men Petter Lundborg Lund University School of Economics and Management; Tinbergen Institute; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Paul Nystedt Linkoping University Dan-Olof Rooth University of Kalmar; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) IZA Discussion Paper No. 4775 Abstract: The […]


Petter Lundborg


Lund University School of Economics and Management; Tinbergen Institute; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Paul Nystedt


Linkoping University

Dan-Olof Rooth


University of Kalmar; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4775
Abstract:

The negative association between obesity and labor market outcomes has been widely documented, yet little is known about the mechanisms through which the association arises. Using rich and unique data on 450,000 Swedish men enlisting for the military, we find that the crude obesity penalty in earnings, which amounts to about 18 percent, is linked to supply-side characteristics that are associated with both earnings and obesity. In particular, we show that the penalty reflects negative associations between obesity, on the one hand, and cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills, and physical fitness, on the other. Our results suggest that employers use obesity as a marker for skill limitations in order to statistically discriminate.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

Keywords: obesity, overweight, earnings, cognitive ability, non-cognitive ability, health, physical fitness

JEL Classification: I10, J10, J70

overweight and obesity are challenges among primary school children

Prevalence and Implications of Overweight and Obesity in Children’s Health and Learning Behavior: The Case of Kinondoni and Njombe Districts in Tanzania Kafyulilo, Ayoub Cherd Online Submission, M.A. Dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which overweight and obesity are challenges among primary school children […]

Kafyulilo, Ayoub Cherd
Online Submission, M.A. Dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which overweight and obesity are challenges among primary school children in Kinondoni and Njombe districts. The study sought to investigate those aspects in terms of prevalence, causes and impacts on social, health as well as children learning behaviours and outcomes. Systematic random sampling was used to select schools while stratified sampling and simple random sampling were used in selecting pupils and teachers. Measurement of weights and height were done to determine Body Mass Index (BMI), measurements of skinfolds were also done to determine body fat percentage. Questionnaires, semi-structured interview schedule and focus group discussion guides were also used. Findings revealed an average of 13.5% children, were overweight and obese. Economy status, household occupations, nutrition and inactivity were significant causes of overweight and obesity. Hypertension, excessive sweating, teasing and peer rejection were common to obese children. In addition, overweight and obese children were reported to underperform in academic and physical activities. The study revealed that overweight and obesity were not friendly healthy conditions to children, thus a need to work it out. The study suggests for establishment of education programs through mass Medias, to raise people’s awareness on implications of obesity in children’s health, social, and learning behaviours and outcomes. Seven appendixes are included: (1) Pupils’ Questionnaires; (2) Pupils’ Focus Group Discussion Guide; (3) Teachers’ Interviews; (4) Number of Children and their Weight Status in both Rural and Urban Settings (BMI Results); (5) Percentage of Children According to their Weight Status and Performance Grades in the Classroom; (6) Factors Causing Overweight and Obesity among School Children and their Level of Significance; and (7) A Map of Kinondoni and Njombe Showing the Surveyed Schools. (Contains 12 tables and 11 figures.) [Funding for this study was provided by the Dar es Salaam University College of Education.]