Ecumenismo

Ecumenismo es la tendencia o movimiento que busca la restauración de la unidad de los cristianos, es decir, la unidad de las distintasconfesiones religiosas cristianas «históricas», separadas desde losgrandes cismas. Si bien el término «oikoumenē» se utilizó desde los tiempos del Imperio Romano para expresar al mundo como unidad, en la actualidad la palabra «ecumenismo» tiene una significación eminentemente religiosa, y es usada primordialmente para aludir a los movimientos existentes en el seno del cristianismo cuyo propósito consiste en la unificación de las diferentes denominaciones cristianas, separadas por cuestiones de doctrina, de historia, de tradición o de práctica.
En cambio, la búsqueda de cooperación entre diferentes religiones (tanto entre las religiones abrahámicas —judaísmocristianismo e islam— como con otras) se llama diálogo interreligioso.1
En el sentir de numerosas personalidades cristianas del último siglo, el ecumenismo constituye un camino de superación de las divisiones entre los cristianos, en orden al cumplimiento del mandato de Cristo: «[…] que todos sean uno […]» {Juan 17:21).2
Entre las muchas personalidades relevantes que tienen o tuvieron influencia en el desarrollo de la conciencia ecuménica se encuentran Robert Gardiner, el teólogo Yves Congar, el hermano Roger Schutz —fundador de laComunidad ecuménica de Taizé—, Chiara Lubich —fundadora del Movimiento de los Focolares—, el patriarcaAtenágoras I, los papas Juan XXIIIPablo VI y Juan Pablo II, y el arzobispo de Canterbury Rowan Williams.

Catolicismo (del griego καθολικόςkatholikós, ‘universal, que comprende todo’) es un término que hace referencia al carácter de la fe profesada por los cristianos fieles de la Iglesia católica, como así también a la teologíadoctrinaliturgia, principios éticos y normas de comportamiento derivadas, al igual que al conjunto de sus seguidores como un todo, a quienes se les denomina «católicos».2 El vocablo «catolicismo» se usa por lo general para hacer alusión a la experiencia religiosa compartida por las personas que viven en comunión con la Iglesia de Roma.3
De manera más específica, el término se refiere solamente a la Iglesia católica, compuesta por 23 iglesias sui iuris que se encuentran en completa comunión con el Papa y que en conjunto reúnen a más de mil millones de fieles4 (una sexta parte de la población mundial y más de la mitad de todos los fieles cristianos).5 6 La principal característica distintiva de la Iglesia católica es el reconocimiento de la autoridad y primacía del papa, obispo de Roma.Nota 1 Sin embargo hay varias Iglesias que comparten también el adjetivo calificativo de «católicas», como la Iglesia ortodoxa y las Antiguas iglesias orientales, la Iglesia asiria del Oriente y las Iglesias que constituyen la Comunión Anglicana
Ecumenismo es la tendencia o movimiento que busca la restauración de la unidad de los cristianos, es decir, la unidad de las distintasconfesiones religiosas cristianas «históricas», separadas desde losgrandes cismas. Si bien el término «oikoumen?» se utilizó desde los tiempos del Imperio Romano para expresar al mundo como unidad, en la actualidad la palabra «ecumenismo» tiene una significación eminentemente religiosa, y es usada primordialmente para aludir a los movimientos existentes en el seno del cristianismo cuyo propósito consiste en la unificación de las diferentes denominaciones cristianas, separadas por cuestiones de doctrina, de historia, de tradición o de práctica.
En cambio, la búsqueda de cooperación entre diferentes religiones (tanto entre las religiones abrahámicas —judaísmocristianismo e islam— como con otras) se llama diálogo interreligioso.1
En el sentir de numerosas personalidades cristianas del último siglo, el ecumenismo constituye un camino de superación de las divisiones entre los cristianos, en orden al cumplimiento del mandato de Cristo: «[...] que todos sean uno [...]» {Juan 17:21).2
Entre las muchas personalidades relevantes que tienen o tuvieron influencia en el desarrollo de la conciencia ecuménica se encuentran Robert Gardiner, el teólogo Yves Congar, el hermano Roger Schutz —fundador de laComunidad ecuménica de Taizé—, Chiara Lubich —fundadora del Movimiento de los Focolares—, el patriarcaAtenágoras I, los papas Juan XXIIIPablo VI y Juan Pablo II, y el arzobispo de Canterbury Rowan Williams.

Catolicismo (del griego ?????????katholikós, 'universal, que comprende todo') es un término que hace referencia al carácter de la fe profesada por los cristianos fieles de la Iglesia católica, como así también a la teologíadoctrinaliturgia, principios éticos y normas de comportamiento derivadas, al igual que al conjunto de sus seguidores como un todo, a quienes se les denomina «católicos».2 El vocablo «catolicismo» se usa por lo general para hacer alusión a la experiencia religiosa compartida por las personas que viven en comunión con la Iglesia de Roma.3
De manera más específica, el término se refiere solamente a la Iglesia católica, compuesta por 23 iglesias sui iuris que se encuentran en completa comunión con el Papa y que en conjunto reúnen a más de mil millones de fieles4 (una sexta parte de la población mundial y más de la mitad de todos los fieles cristianos).5 6 La principal característica distintiva de la Iglesia católica es el reconocimiento de la autoridad y primacía del papa, obispo de Roma.Nota 1 Sin embargo hay varias Iglesias que comparten también el adjetivo calificativo de «católicas», como la Iglesia ortodoxa y las Antiguas iglesias orientales, la Iglesia asiria del Oriente y las Iglesias que constituyen la Comunión Anglicana

A Jehova Witness and a jew

Uploaded on Jun 2, 2010

A Jehova Witness comes Friday afternoon to persuade a jew to accept Jesus!

Jewish tradition gives a number of very clear reasons why Jesus was not the Messiah. Here are four them:
1) Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies. As noted above, the Bible says that the Mashiach will:
a) Build the Third Temple (Ezekiel 37:26-28).
b) Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6).
c) Usher in an era of world peace and end all hatred, oppression, suffering and disease. «Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, nor shall man study warfare anymore.» (Isaiah 2:4)
d) Spread universal knowledge of the God of Israel, which will unite humanity as one. «God will be King over all the world – on that day, God will be One and His Name will be One.» (Zechariah 14:9)
The historical fact is that Jesus fulfilled none of these messianic prophecies.
Christians counter that Jesus will fulfill these in the Second Coming, but Jewish sources show that the Messiah will fulfill the prophecies outright, and no concept of a second coming exists anywhere in Jewish writings.
2) Jesus failed to qualify as Messiah in three main areas:
a) Jesus was not a prophet. Prophecy can only exist in Israel when the land is inhabited by a majority of world Jewry. During the time of Ezra (circa 300 BCE), when the majority of Jews refused to move from Babylon back to Israel, prophecy ended upon the death of the last prophets—Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi.
Jesus appeared on the scene approximately 350 years after prophecy had ended.
b) Jesus was not a descendent of King David. According to Jewish sources, the Messiah will be born of human parents and possess normal physical attributes like other people. He will not be a demi-god, nor will he possess supernatural qualities.
The Messiah must be descended on his father’s side from King David (see Genesis 49:10 and Isaiah 11:1). According to the Christian claim that Jesus was the product of a virgin birth, he had no father—and thus could not have possibly fulfilled the messianic requirement of being descended on his father’s side from King David!
c) Jesus was not Torah observant. The Messiah will lead the Jewish People to full Torah observance. The Torah states that all mitzvot remain binding forever, and anyone coming to change the Torah is immediately identified as a false prophet. (Deut. 13:1-4)
Throughout the New Testament, Jesus contradicts the Torah and states that its commandments are no longer applicable. (John 1:45 and 9:16, Acts 3:22 and 7:37.) For example, John 9:14 records that Jesus made a paste in violation of Shabbat, which caused the Pharisees (Jews) to say (verse 16) «He does not observe Shabbat!»
3) Mistranslated Biblical verses “referring” to Jesus.
Biblical verses can only be understood by studying the original Hebrew text, which reveals many discrepancies in the Christian translation.
a) Virgin Birth The Christian notion of a virgin birth is derived from the verse in Isaiah 7:14 describing an alma as giving birth. The Hebrew word alma has always meant a young woman, but Christian theologians centuries later translated it as «virgin.» This accords Jesus’ birth with the first-century pagan idea of mortals being impregnated by gods.
b) Crucifixion The verse in Psalms 22:17 reads: «Like a lion, they are at my hands and feet.» The Hebrew word ki-ari (like a lion) is grammatically similar to the word «gouged.» Thus Christianity reads the verse as a reference to crucifixion: «They pierced my hands and feet.» There is no such inference in the psalm.
c) Suffering Servant Christianity claims that Isaiah chapter 53 refers to Jesus, as the «suffering servant.» In actuality, Isaiah 53 directly follows the theme of chapter 52, describing the exile and Redemption of the Jewish People. The prophecies are written in the singular form because the Jews («Israel») are regarded as one unit. The Torah is filled with examples of the Jewish nation referred to with a singular pronoun.
Ironically, Isaiah’s prophecies of persecution were actualized in part during the eleventh century when Jews were tortured and killed by Crusaders who acted in the name of Jesus.
4) Christianity contradicts Jewish theology
The following theological points apply primarily to the Roman Catholic Church.
a) God as Three? The Catholic idea of Trinity breaks God into three separate beings: The Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. (Matthew 28:19)
Contrast this concept to the Shema, the prayer expressing the basis of Jewish belief: «Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is ONE.» (Deut. 6:4) Jews declare Shema every day, write it (????) parchments attached to doorposts (mezuzah), and bind it to the hand and head (in tefillin) during prayer. This statement of God’s One-ness is the first word a Jewish child is taught to say, and the last words uttered before a Jew dies.
In Jewish law, worship of a three-part god is considered idolatry and one of the three cardinal sins for which a Jew should give up his life rather than transgress. This explains why during the Inquisitions and throughout history, Jews gave up their lives rather than convert.
b) Man as God Roman Catholics believe that God came down to earth in human form, as Jesus said: «I and the Father are one.» (John 10:30)
devotes most of his Guide for the Perplexed to the fundamental idea that God is incorporeal, meaning that He assumes no physical form. God is Eternal, above time. He is Infinite, beyond space. He cannot be born, and cannot die. Saying that God assumes human form makes God small, diminishing both His unity and His divinity. The Torah says clearly: «God is not a mortal.» (Numbers 23:19)
As noted above Judaism adamantly affirms the Messiah will be born of human parents, will not be a demi-god, and will not possess supernatural qualities. In fact, it is traditionally believed that an individual is alive in every generation with the capacity to step into the role of the Messiah.
c) Intermediary for prayer? The Catholic belief is that prayer must be directed through an intermediary, i.e. Jesus, who said, “No man cometh unto the Father but by me.” (John 14:6) Confessing sins to a priest is similar, for the person says “Bless me Father, for I have sinned.” After the confession, the priest says, “I absolve you of your sins in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.” Somehow, the human priest has been empowered to speak for a deity. Not kosher in Jewish thought.
In Judaism, prayer is a totally private matter between each individual and God. The Torah states: «God is near to all who call unto Him» (Psalms 145:18). Furthermore, the Ten Commandments warn “You shall have no other gods before me,” meaning that it is forbidden to set up a mediator between God and man. You don’t need anyone to absolve you; only God can do that.
d) Involvement in the physical world Catholic doctrine often treats the physical world as an evil to be avoided. Mary, the holiest woman, is portrayed as a virgin. Priests and nuns are celibate, and monasteries are in remote, secluded locations.
In contrast, Judaism believes that God created the physical world not to frustrate us, but for our pleasure. Jewish spirituality comes through grappling with the mundane world in a way that uplifts and elevates.



Uploaded on Jun 2, 2010

A Jehova Witness comes Friday afternoon to persuade a jew to accept Jesus!


Jewish tradition gives a number of very clear reasons why Jesus was not the Messiah. Here are four them:
1) Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies. As noted above, the Bible says that the Mashiach will:
a) Build the Third Temple (Ezekiel 37:26-28).
b) Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6).
c) Usher in an era of world peace and end all hatred, oppression, suffering and disease. "Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, nor shall man study warfare anymore." (Isaiah 2:4)
d) Spread universal knowledge of the God of Israel, which will unite humanity as one. "God will be King over all the world – on that day, God will be One and His Name will be One." (Zechariah 14:9)
The historical fact is that Jesus fulfilled none of these messianic prophecies.
Christians counter that Jesus will fulfill these in the Second Coming, but Jewish sources show that the Messiah will fulfill the prophecies outright, and no concept of a second coming exists anywhere in Jewish writings.
2) Jesus failed to qualify as Messiah in three main areas:
a) Jesus was not a prophet. Prophecy can only exist in Israel when the land is inhabited by a majority of world Jewry. During the time of Ezra (circa 300 BCE), when the majority of Jews refused to move from Babylon back to Israel, prophecy ended upon the death of the last prophets—Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi.
Jesus appeared on the scene approximately 350 years after prophecy had ended.
b) Jesus was not a descendent of King David. According to Jewish sources, the Messiah will be born of human parents and possess normal physical attributes like other people. He will not be a demi-god, nor will he possess supernatural qualities.
The Messiah must be descended on his father’s side from King David (see Genesis 49:10 and Isaiah 11:1). According to the Christian claim that Jesus was the product of a virgin birth, he had no father—and thus could not have possibly fulfilled the messianic requirement of being descended on his father’s side from King David!
c) Jesus was not Torah observant. The Messiah will lead the Jewish People to full Torah observance. The Torah states that all mitzvot remain binding forever, and anyone coming to change the Torah is immediately identified as a false prophet. (Deut. 13:1-4)
Throughout the New Testament, Jesus contradicts the Torah and states that its commandments are no longer applicable. (John 1:45 and 9:16, Acts 3:22 and 7:37.) For example, John 9:14 records that Jesus made a paste in violation of Shabbat, which caused the Pharisees (Jews) to say (verse 16) "He does not observe Shabbat!"
3) Mistranslated Biblical verses “referring” to Jesus.
Biblical verses can only be understood by studying the original Hebrew text, which reveals many discrepancies in the Christian translation.
a) Virgin Birth The Christian notion of a virgin birth is derived from the verse in Isaiah 7:14 describing an alma as giving birth. The Hebrew word alma has always meant a young woman, but Christian theologians centuries later translated it as "virgin." This accords Jesus’ birth with the first-century pagan idea of mortals being impregnated by gods.
b) Crucifixion The verse in Psalms 22:17 reads: "Like a lion, they are at my hands and feet." The Hebrew word ki-ari (like a lion) is grammatically similar to the word "gouged." Thus Christianity reads the verse as a reference to crucifixion: "They pierced my hands and feet." There is no such inference in the psalm.
c) Suffering Servant Christianity claims that Isaiah chapter 53 refers to Jesus, as the "suffering servant." In actuality, Isaiah 53 directly follows the theme of chapter 52, describing the exile and Redemption of the Jewish People. The prophecies are written in the singular form because the Jews ("Israel") are regarded as one unit. The Torah is filled with examples of the Jewish nation referred to with a singular pronoun.
Ironically, Isaiah’s prophecies of persecution were actualized in part during the eleventh century when Jews were tortured and killed by Crusaders who acted in the name of Jesus.
4) Christianity contradicts Jewish theology
The following theological points apply primarily to the Roman Catholic Church.
a) God as Three? The Catholic idea of Trinity breaks God into three separate beings: The Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. (Matthew 28:19)
Contrast this concept to the Shema, the prayer expressing the basis of Jewish belief: "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is ONE." (Deut. 6:4) Jews declare Shema every day, write it (????) parchments attached to doorposts (mezuzah), and bind it to the hand and head (in tefillin) during prayer. This statement of God’s One-ness is the first word a Jewish child is taught to say, and the last words uttered before a Jew dies.
In Jewish law, worship of a three-part god is considered idolatry and one of the three cardinal sins for which a Jew should give up his life rather than transgress. This explains why during the Inquisitions and throughout history, Jews gave up their lives rather than convert.
b) Man as God Roman Catholics believe that God came down to earth in human form, as Jesus said: "I and the Father are one." (John 10:30)
devotes most of his Guide for the Perplexed to the fundamental idea that God is incorporeal, meaning that He assumes no physical form. God is Eternal, above time. He is Infinite, beyond space. He cannot be born, and cannot die. Saying that God assumes human form makes God small, diminishing both His unity and His divinity. The Torah says clearly: "God is not a mortal." (Numbers 23:19)
As noted above Judaism adamantly affirms the Messiah will be born of human parents, will not be a demi-god, and will not possess supernatural qualities. In fact, it is traditionally believed that an individual is alive in every generation with the capacity to step into the role of the Messiah.
c) Intermediary for prayer? The Catholic belief is that prayer must be directed through an intermediary, i.e. Jesus, who said, “No man cometh unto the Father but by me.” (John 14:6) Confessing sins to a priest is similar, for the person says “Bless me Father, for I have sinned.” After the confession, the priest says, “I absolve you of your sins in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.” Somehow, the human priest has been empowered to speak for a deity. Not kosher in Jewish thought.
In Judaism, prayer is a totally private matter between each individual and God. The Torah states: "God is near to all who call unto Him" (Psalms 145:18). Furthermore, the Ten Commandments warn “You shall have no other gods before me,” meaning that it is forbidden to set up a mediator between God and man. You don’t need anyone to absolve you; only God can do that.
d) Involvement in the physical world Catholic doctrine often treats the physical world as an evil to be avoided. Mary, the holiest woman, is portrayed as a virgin. Priests and nuns are celibate, and monasteries are in remote, secluded locations.
In contrast, Judaism believes that God created the physical world not to frustrate us, but for our pleasure. Jewish spirituality comes through grappling with the mundane world in a way that uplifts and elevates.



??????????

Imagen en un comentario en Facebook 

La imagen superior apareció en un muro de Facebook cuyos comentarios son  pro-católicos. Me llamo la atención porque no solamente contradice uno de los fundamentos del canon cristiano que dice que Dios es la fuente de la Moral, sino que lo hace de una manera agresiva. ¿En que sentido fue interpretada esta frase? La mentalidad  religiosa, específicamente, la de tipo evangélico fundamentalista que parece ahora permear todas las denominaciones cristianas en Estados Unidos y México, incluyendo a la católica, es un misterio para mi.


Chagdud Tulku (Tibetan: ལྕགས་མདུད་Wylie: Lcags-mdud) Rinpoche (1930–2002) was a teacher of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism. He was known and respected in the West for his teachings, his melodic chanting voice, his artistry as a sculptor and painter, and his skill as a physician. He acted as a spiritual guide for thousands of students worldwide.[1]
Chagdud Tulku Rinpoche was the fourteenth recognized Chagdud incarnation. Chagdud Gonpa centers practice Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism, primarily in the Nyingmapa tradition of Guru Padmasambhava.

Imagen en un comentario en Facebook 

La imagen superior apareció en un muro de Facebook cuyos comentarios son  pro-católicos. Me llamo la atención porque no solamente contradice uno de los fundamentos del canon cristiano que dice que Dios es la fuente de la Moral, sino que lo hace de una manera agresiva. ¿En que sentido fue interpretada esta frase? La mentalidad  religiosa, específicamente, la de tipo evangélico fundamentalista que parece ahora permear todas las denominaciones cristianas en Estados Unidos y México, incluyendo a la católica, es un misterio para mi.



Chagdud Tulku (Tibetan: ??????????Wylie: Lcags-mdud) Rinpoche (1930–2002) was a teacher of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism. He was known and respected in the West for his teachings, his melodic chanting voice, his artistry as a sculptor and painter, and his skill as a physician. He acted as a spiritual guide for thousands of students worldwide.[1]
Chagdud Tulku Rinpoche was the fourteenth recognized Chagdud incarnation. Chagdud Gonpa centers practice Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism, primarily in the Nyingmapa tradition of Guru Padmasambhava.

The Bible on suffering

Dr. Michael Brown and Dr. Bart Ehrman debate the topic: Does the Bible Provide an Adequate Answer to the Problem of Suffering? at Ohio State University on April 15, 2010.



Dr. Michael Brown and Dr. Bart Ehrman debate the topic: Does the Bible Provide an Adequate Answer to the Problem of Suffering? at Ohio State University on April 15, 2010.

San Agustín de Hipona

http://youtu.be/HbTCmJwkZQE

Maniqueísmo es el nombre que recibe la religión universalista fundada por el sabio persa Mani (o Manes) (c. 215-276), quien decía ser el último de los profetas enviados por Dios a la humanidad.
El maniqueísmo se concibe desde sus orígenes como la fe definitiva,
en tanto que pretende completar e invalidar a todas las demás. Al
rivalizar en este sentido con otras

http://youtu.be/HbTCmJwkZQE Maniqueísmo es el nombre que recibe la religión universalista fundada por el sabio persa Mani (o Manes) (c. 215-276), quien decía ser el último de los profetas enviados por Dios a la humanidad. El maniqueísmo se concibe desde sus orígenes como la fe definitiva, en tanto que pretende completar e invalidar a todas las demás. Al rivalizar en este sentido con otras

Pelo largo

Un adolescente recién había pasado su exámen de manejo y preguntó a su padre que cuando podrían platicar sobre que él utilizara el carro.

El padre le dijo que hicieran un trato:
-“Tú mejoras tus calificaciones de 7 a 8 en promedio, estudias l…

Un adolescente recién había pasado su exámen de manejo y preguntó a su padre que cuando podrían platicar sobre que él utilizara el carro. El padre le dijo que hicieran un trato: -“Tú mejoras tus calificaciones de 7 a 8 en promedio, estudias la Biblia un poco y te cortas el pelo. Entonces hablaremos sobre prestarte el carro” Como seis semanas después le dijo el padre “Hijo, mejoraste tus